By Roger Witherspoon
The Journal News (Westchester County, NY)
March 19, 2002 Tuesday
Federal proposal for Indian Point met by criticism
The Journal News
Highly radioactive nuclear waste would be shipped over several years from the
nuclear plants in Buchanan down the Hudson River through the Port of New York en
route to Nevada, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's national waste-storage
The shipments are detailed in a proposal to be considered in the spring when
Congress votes on President Bush's plan to open a national repository for nuclear
waste under Nevada's Yucca Mountain in 2010. The Energy Department's
environmental impact report states that thousands of shipments of radioactive fuel
would go through 15 commercial ports during a 38-year period.
Included in the plan is spent fuel being stored at the defunct Indian Point 1 and the
1,000-megawatt reactors at Indian Point 2 and 3. The three Indian Point spent fuel
pools hold more than 1,200 tons of radioactive material.
The plan calls for loading the Indian Point fuel on 58 barges and floating it down the
Hudson River to the container shipping center at Port Elizabeth in New Jersey,
opposite the Statue of Liberty.
But the proposal raised immediate concerns from environmentalists and elected
"I am very troubled by this," said Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton, D-N.Y. "Any plan that
involves the shipping of nuclear waste on a barge down the river past New York City
raises enormous health, environmental and security concerns."
"We should not be using our ports, which are in the most densely populated parts of
the state, as rest stops for nuclear material," said Debra DeShong, spokeswoman for
Sen. Robert Torricelli, D-N.J.
New York City Councilman Jim Gennaro, D-Queens, said, "There is no way to keep
the people of the city of New York and the metropolitan region safe from accidents or
intentional mischief that comes with the shipment of nuclear fuel."
Alex Matthiessen, director of the Garrison-based environmental group Riverkeeper,
said, "We would definitely try to block it in court. It seems like such a pie-in-the-sky
"Moving spent fuel off-site from Indian Point is a foolish idea given the terrorist
threat we face."
The river shipments are needed to handle the waste from 17 plants that are located
far from railroad lines. The ports are located on both coasts, Lake Michigan and on
three major rivers.
When waste shipments reach the ports, they would be placed on rail cars and sent to
Nevada. The proposal for Indian Point and the other plants without rail access would
bring 21,572 tons of nuclear waste - or 19 percent of all the commercial power plant
waste destined for Yucca Mountain - into commercial ports.
Jim Steets, spokesman for Entergy Nuclear, which owns Indian Point, said there
already are docking facilities at Indian Point 2, though it may have to be expanded
and strengthened to handle any spent fuel shipments.
He said it was premature, however, to discuss possible future shipments.
In all, there are more than 77,000 tons of nuclear waste in the storage pools of the
nation's 103 nuclear reactors. The Energy Department has considered trucking the
spent fuel to Yucca Mountain, but its preferred method is using rail cars because they
carry six times more waste than trucks and are thought to be safer.
Over 38 years, it would take 105,685 trucks to move the waste from 72 power plant
sites to Yucca Mountain. In comparison, it would take 18,243 rail cars, supplemented
by 3,122 trucks, to move the waste to Nevada. Supporters say the lead-lined,
stainless steel shipping containers, called casks, are strong enough to withstand
severe accidents and terrorist attacks.
The casks are designed to withstand, among other things, a 30-foot fall onto a hard
surface and 30 minutes' exposure to fire at 1,475 degrees. Since 1964, the industry
has had more than 3,000 shipments of used nuclear fuel without a major accident.
Environmental groups have long contended that the waste should not be moved at
"What if there is an accident on the barge? What happens to Hudson River traffic
then?" asked Marilyn Elie of the Citizens Awareness Network. "I have no confidence
in moving nuclear waste. We used it here. We should be responsible for it."
Reach Roger Witherspoon at firstname.lastname@example.org or 914-696-8566.