• Roger Witherspoon

Nuclear Fuel Route Revealed

By Roger Witherspoon



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The Journal News (Westchester County, NY)


March 22, 2002 Friday


993 trucks would take Indian Point's waste over Tappan Zee Bridge


The Journal News


The U.S. Department of Energy, in addition to using the Hudson River, plans to

transport more than 1,600 tons of radioactive material from Indian Point in

Buchanan to Nevada on 993 trucks routed through the western part of Westchester

County.


The truck shipments are to begin around 2010, when a proposed national repository

for nuclear waste is expected to open under Yucca Mountain in Nevada. The

shipments would be the first in a two-part effort to remove the estimated 1,600 tons

of radioactive spent fuel currently at Indian Point and an additional 2,000 tons of

nuclear waste that is expected to be created between now and the scheduled closing

of the two power plants in the late 2030s.


The spent fuel to be created in later years will either be shipped by barge down the

Hudson River to rail yards at Port Elizabeth, N.J., or taken in special "heavy-haul

trucks" through local streets to the Conrail tracks in Croton-on-Hudson.


"Over my dead body will I allow spent fuel rods to be transported by truck through

our local roads and communities without definitive assurances that Westchester

residents will be safe and not put at risk," Westchester County Executive Andrew

Spano said yesterday, after being told of the DOE plan.


The final transportation routes proposed by the Energy Department in its Yucca

Mountain plan were completed in mid-February but have not been published. The

state of Nevada was allowed yesterday to retrieve the restricted routing information

from the Oak Ridge National Laboratories, where it was developed, as part of its 60-

day review of the DOE proposal. Nevada officials shared the data with The Journal

News.


Until yesterday, the only known part of the Energy Department's plan for Indian

Point was its intent to ship casks of spent fuel rods on barges down the Hudson, then

transfer them to trains that would take the material to Nevada. The Energy

Department declined to comment yesterday.



The federal government has been looking for a permanent site for spent nuclear fuel

since 1982, and settled on Yucca Mountain as the most practical and geologically

safe location. The DOE has resisted talking with local governments about its

transportation plans until Yucca Mountain is officially designated the nation's nuclear

waste repository. President Bush recommended the site to Congress on Feb. 15, and

Nevada has 60 days to disapprove, which it is expected to do. Congress would then

have 90 days to overrule Nevada's veto.


In all, the government hopes to move some 77,000 tons of the nation's high-level

radioactive waste from spent fuel for storage in massive dry casks under the

mountain. That waste would constitute less than half of the total volume of material

to be shipped. Most of what would be shipped to Yucca Mountain would be lower-

level radioactive waste from the spent fuel.


Under the Energy Department plan for Indian Point, the 993 trucks that would begin

moving through Westchester in 2010 are 70 feet long and carry loads of up to

80,000 pounds. They would travel on Routes 9 and 9A through Buchanan, Cortlandt,

Croton, Ossining, Briarcliff Manor, Sleepy Hollow and Tarrytown before crossing the

Tappan Zee Bridge. They would then follow the state Thruway to Interstate 287 in

New Jersey, then south to Interstate 80 on their way to Nevada.


The village of Ossining is considering a plan to narrow part of Route 9 from four to

two lanes, about a one-mile stretch of the heavily traveled road between Cedar Place

and Cedar Lane. The move is meant to increase safety, but some residents have

expressed concerns that it will bottleneck traffic and slow emergency vehicles.

Spent fuel roads are cooled in water-filled storage basins for a minimum of three to

five years before they are moved anywhere, to reduce their level of radioactivity.

Rods produced after 2010 would, under the DOE plan, be packed into heavy-duty rail

casks and placed on heavy-haul trucks that have engines at each end, like a freight

train, and are 220 feet long.


The casks to be carried by those trucks hold up to 160 tons of nuclear waste.

The highway routes were determined by the DOE's Transportation Geographic

Information System, or TRAGIS, which is supposed to take into account such factors

as the condition of local roads and population densities. The system tries to route

nuclear shipments over interstate highways as much as possible.


Bob Halstead, transportation adviser for the Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects,

said the current route through Westchester replaces a version that was in place

through January.


"Originally, the trucks were to go up Route 9 to 202 in Peekskill and cross the Bear

Mountain Bridge to Harriman," he said. "It was crazy."


Since Indian Point does not have an interstate highway nearby, Halstead said, the

Energy Department has always expected to transport most of the spent fuel through

local communities.


The route past the Sleepy Hollow cemetery on Route 9 is now on the preferred travel

map.


"I have driven that route when it was filled with tourists," Halstead said, "and that is

a crazy route to put these trucks on."


Faith Bremner of Gannett News Service contributed to this report.


Reach Roger Witherspoon at rwithers@thejournalnews.com, or 914-696-8566.

Roger Witherspoon

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